Shrubs, Trees, and Vines

Printable Shrubs, Trees and Vines List

Note About Scientific Names: The scientific name has been included for all plants on this list. Many species have been hybridized and are commercially available. However, these hybrids and cultivars are not truly native species. Depending on your goal this may not matter to you; however, if you are attempting a restoration, it is important to acquire only plants with the exact scientific name listed. The reason for this is that many hybrids will not reproduce and spread.

Shrubs, Trees, and Vines

Service Berry (Amelanchier arborea)
Height: 25′
Comments: White flowers, attracts wildlife

Lead plant (Amorpha canescens)
Height: 1′-3′
Comments: Legume, purple flowers, butterfly friendly

New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus)
Height:  2′-3′
Comments:  White flowers, butterfly friendly

Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)
Height:  10-15′
Comments:  White ball like flowers

Silky Dogwood (Cornus obliqua)
Height:  10′
Comments:  White flower, blue berries

Red Osier Dogwood  (Cornus stolonifera )
Height:  6′-8′ 
Comments:  White flowers and berries

Hazelnut  (Corylus americana)
Height:  15′ 
Comments:  Bronze leaves in fall, edible fruit

Wild Plum  (Prunus americana)
Height:  15-20′ 
Comments:  White flowers

Meadowsweet  (Spiraea alba)
Height:  12″-3.5′ 
Comments:  White flowers

Balddernut   (Staphylea trifolia)
Height:  5-15′ 
Comments:  Unusual balloon-like fruit

Arrowwood Virburnum  (Staphylea trifolia)
Height:  10′ 
Comments:  Yellow to red fall color

Nannyberry  (Viburnum lentago)
Height:  15-18′ 
Comments:  Purplish red in the fall

Blackhaw  (Viburnum prunifolium)
Height:  15′ 
Comments:  Cream color, red in fall

Sugar Maple  (Acer saccharum)
Height: 60′ 
Comments: Beautiful yellow fall color

Ohio Buckeye (Aesculus glabra)
Height:  40′ 
Comments:  White flowers, stately form

Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis)
Height:  60′ 
Comments:  Yellow fall color, edible fruit 

Shagbark Hickory (Carya ovata)
Height:  80′ 
Comments: Yellow fall color, edible fruit

Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)
Height:  60′ 
Comments:  Similar to elm but disease resistant

White Ash (Fraxinus americanus)
Height:  70-80′ 
Comments:  Purple fall color

Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)
Height:  100′ 
Comments:  Edible fruit; fall colors

Ironwood (Ostrya virginiana)
Height:  35′ 
Comments:  Delicate branching patterns

Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)
Height:  75′ 
Comments:  Tiny white flowers

White Oak (Quercus alba)
Height:  80′ 
Comments:  Very strong, food for wildlife

Bur Oak  (Quercus macrocarpa)
Height:  80′ 
Commnets:  Very sturdy, food for wildlife

Red Oak (Quercus rubra)
Height:  80′ 
Comments:  Very sturdy, food for wildlife

Linden or Basswood  (Tilia americana)
Height:  80′ 
Comments:  Yellow fall color

American Elm  (Ulmus american)
Height:  80-100′ 
Comments:  Susceptible to Dutch Elm Disease

Slippery Elm  (Ulmus rubra)
Height:  40-60′ 
Comments:  Yellow fall color

Bittersweet (Celastrus scandens)
Flower/Fruit: Orange fruit 
Comments: Great for floral arrangements

Virgin’s Bower (Clematis virginiana)
Flower/Fruit: Small white flowers
Comments: Profuse bloomer