Wetland Plants

Printable Plants for Wetlands List

Note About Scientific Names: The scientific name has been included for all plants on this list. Many species have been hybridized and are commercially available. However, these hybrids and cultivars are not truly native species. Depending on your goal this may not matter to you; however, if you are attempting a restoration, it is important to acquire only plants with the exact scientific name listed. The reason for this is that many hybrids will not reproduce and spread.

Note About Aggressive Species: 
Several species have been labeled “aggressive” or “potentially aggressive.” If your goal is a tidy formal bed, these species may not suit your needs. On the other hand, if you are planning a restoration or beautification, where rapid spreading is desirable, these plants should not be problematic.

Wetland Plants

angelica

Angelica  (Angelica atropurpurea)
Bloom Time:  May-Jun
Height:  4′-8′
Comments:  Can live in standing water

Boneset - Copy
Boneset  (Eupatorium perfoliatum)
Bloom Time:  Aug-Oct
Height:  2′-4′
Comments:  Butterfly friendly

Buttonbush  (Cephalanthus occidentalis)
Bloom Time:  Jun-Aug
Height:  6′-10′
Comments:  Shrub

Culvers-Root - Copy
Culver’s Root  (Veronicastrum virginicum)
Bloom Time:  Jul-Aug
Height:  2′-5′

Mountain-Mint - Copy
Mountain Mint  (Pycnanthemum virginianum)
Bloom Time:  Jun-Sep
Height:  1′-3′

White Water Lily  (Nymphaea tuberosa)
Bloom Time:  Jun-Sep

Cup Plant  (Silphium perfoliatum)
Bloom Time:  Jul-Oct
Height:  3′-8′
Comments:  Hummingbird and butterfly friendly

Golden-Alex
Golden Alexander  (Zizia aurea)
Bloom Time:  May-June
Height:  1′-3′

Marsh-Marigold
Marsh Marigold  (Caltha palustris)
Bloom Time:  Apr-Mary
Height:  8″-24″
Comments:  Tolerates light shade

Sneezeweed-grp
Sneezeweed  (Helenium autumnale)
Bloom Time:  Jul-Oct
Height:  2′-5′

Yellow-Star-Grass
Yellow Star Grass  (Hypoxis hirsuta)
Bloom Time:  May-Jun
Height:  6″

Yellow Water Lily  (Nuphar advena)
Bloom Time:  Jun-Sep
Comments:  AKA spatterdock

Cardinal-Flower-plnt - Copy
Cardinal Flower  (Lobelia cardinalis)
Bloom Time:  Jul-Aug
Height:  2′-4′
Comments:  Tolerates shade, Hummingbird and butterfly friendly

Joe-Pye-Weed  (Eupatorium maculatum)
Bloom Time:  Jul-Aug
Height:  2′-5′
Comments:  Butterfly friendly; Tolerates shade

Marsh Phlox  (Phlox glaberrima interior)
Bloom Time:  Jul-Aug
Height:  20″-30″

Nodding-Onion-C.up_
Nodding Onion  (Allium cernuum)
Bloom Time:  Jul-Aug
Height:  8″-18″
Comments:  Will form groundcover

Queen-of-the-Prairie - Copy
Queen-of-the-Prairie  (Filipendula rubra)
Bloom Time:  Jun-Jul
Height:  4′-5′

Swamp Milkweed  (Asclepias incarnata)
Bloom Time:  Jul-Aug
Height:  2′-4′
Comments:  Butterfly friendly

Blue-Flag-Iris
Blue Flag Iris  (Iris virginica shrevei)
Bloom Time:  May-Jun
Height:  1′-3′
Comments:  Year-round water

Blue Vervain  (Verbena hastata)
Bloom Time:  Jul-Sep
Height:  2′-5′
Comments:  Potentially aggressive; Butterfly friendly

GreatBlue - Copy
Great Blue Lobelia  (Lobelia siphilitica)
Bloom Time:  Jul-Sep
Height:  1′-3′

Common Ironweed  (Vernonia fasciculata)
Bloom Time:  Jul-Sep
Height:  4′-6′
Comments:  Butterfly friendly

Marsh (Spike) Blazingstar  (Liatris spicata)
Bloom Time:  Aug-Sep
Height:  3′-53
Comments:  AKA gayfeather; Hummingbird & butterfly friendly

New-England-Aster
New England Aster  (Aster novae-angliae)
Bloom Time:  Aug-Oct
Height:  2′-5′
Comments:  Potentially aggressive

Obedient Plant  (Physostegia virginiana)
Bloom Time:  Aug-Sep
Height:  2′-5′
Comments:  Potentially aggressive; Hummingbird friendly

Pickerel Weed  (Pontederia cordata)
Bloom Time:  Jun-Sep
Height:  1′-4′
Comments:  Year-round clean water


Common Bur Reed  (Sparganium eurycarpum)
Bloom Time:  Jun-Aug
Height:  2′-4′
Comments:  Year round water; Exotic seed head

Skunk-cab-anthers
Skunk Cabbage  (Symplocarpus foetidus)
Bloom Time:  Feb-Mar
Height:  1′-2'
Comments:  First thing to bloom in spring; Extremely unusual bloom

Sweet-Flag
Sweet Flag  (Acorus calamus)
Bloom Time:  May-Jun
Height:  1′-3′
Comments:  Year round water; Exotic bloom
Blue Joint Grass  (Calamagrostis canadensis)
Bloom Time:  Jul-Aug
Height:  3′-5′

Cord Grass  (Spartina pectinata)
Bloom Time:  Jul-Aug
Height:  3′-8′
Comments:  Spreads aggressively; turns bright yellow in fall